The Development of Teaching Aid for Design and Technology Learning


  • Muhammad Hafizul Helmi Kamaruddin Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Mohd Azlan Mohammad Hussain Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia


Technical and Vocational Education (TVET), Cognitivism, Teaching Aids, waterfall model, mechanical design, gear system, design & technology


The subject of mechanical design is a topic that needs to be studied by daily secondary school students for Form 2 students in all daily secondary schools in Malaysia. Through this subject, students need to understand the basics of mechanical systems. Knowledge for each student in topics or learning at school is very important for producing quality students.The subject of design and technology has been introduced to replace life skills subjects and is aimed at providing students and educators with a variety of new topics. The diversity of new topics requires teachers to prepare various Teaching Aids to facilitate a more effective teaching and learning process.This study aims to develop a Gear Teaching Aid for use in teaching the topic of mechanical design, specifically within the subject of Design and Technology at form 2. Specifically, the objectives of this study are to identify the essential elements for creating a Gear Teaching Aid system and to develop the teaching aid for the gear system related to the mechanical design topic in subject Design and Technology at form 2. Additionally, it aims to determine the usability of the gear teaching aid within the mechanical design topic. The study will employ cognitive learning theory and be developed based on the Waterfall model. It involves three experts: one high school Design and Technology subject teacher and two lecturers from Sultan Idris Education University specialising in mechanical engineering for interviews and insights into the development of the Gear Teaching Aid system. As for the research instrument, the study will utilize interview protocol inventories with the appointed experts. The study findings indicate that the developed teaching aid is positive and requires minimal improvements. With the presence of this teaching aid, it is hoped to enhance students' achievements, understanding, and serve as an additional reference for them.